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CUMARU  WOOD


 
Dipteryx odorata (commonly known as "cumaru" or "kumaru" is a species of flowering tree in the pea
family, Fabaceae. The tree is native to Central America and northern South America. Its seeds are known as tonka beans (sometimes tonkin beans or tonquin beans). They are black and wrinkled and have a smooth brown interior. They have a strong fragrance similar to sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum) due to their high content of coumarin though it is sometimes referred to as Brazilian Teak as well: primarily when used as hardwood 

The tree grows up to 25–30 meters, with a trunk of up to one meter in diameter. The tree bark is smooth and gray, whereas the wood is red. The tree has alternate pinnate leaves with three to six leaflets, leathery, glossy and dark green, and pink flowers   

It is a tree originating from the Cerrado, does not need much water, is well-crowned and at the time of flowering totally loses the leaves to give way to flowers of varied colours, which are at the origin of the different names of the wood of Ipe 

Cumaru has a faint, vanilla or cinnamon-like odor when being worked 


Characteristics of wood
 
;Heartwood - tends to be a medium to dark brown 
sometimes with a reddish or purplish hue

Grain - Grain is interlocked, with a medium
texture and a waxy feel

Density / Hardness - High, very hard and heavy wood

Durability - Highly resistant to fungi and insects